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йѧḱ³ϽδѨӡʱıӻ񻯵Ľ

ڣ2020-05-20 10:17 | Դδ֪ | ߣѧ༭ |

 

20201¼ϽԺʿδѨ——ʱıӻ񻯵Ľ»ع“δѨ”Ĵ˼̣“ѧ”ӽǣͨѧϢͻƵᄈ¶Խδ۵ľޣͬʱ˼̬Ƽ֮䲻ȶϵδijֿԡ

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——ʱıӻ񻯵Ľ

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ƼĽӾǶȻԴȡͶĸ죬Ȼ඼ŵ߸Եĸı䡣“δѨ”һη˼ƼӰͲȷԵ˼ʵ顣δ˶ıĶά£˵ĹϵһʱعԭӻܵĽ

 

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δ˼

 

ڵĽУ“δ”ĺ˼ִаʽδԤںȻ˳𽥳ΪһԵԵĻ⡣“δ”һ˼ڽѧܵ䣬ѧҲźִ˼ͶԺµĽ⹹¶[1]ˣ“δ”Сأһȶûе߸ԵӳڡʱһǿƼָŵֹ۽һ̬϶񻯵ı۾ӣδ֯κͽǡȻ沢ǹƼijǶȻԴ޽ƵĿɺӶᡣΪֲ̬񻯵¼зҪȡµԴˣַչΪʱȫۺͽΪµĻ£δӽܵؾһ

żٸӶìܻδͽѧα˼أ20193ƺɽݿĻ“δ֪”չеƷ“δѨ”ǶЩȽ˼ӦĽع“δѨ”Ĵ˼̣“ѧ”ӽǣͨѧϢͻƵᄈ¶Խδ۵ľޣͬʱ˼̬Ƽ֮䲻ȶϵδijֿԡ“δ”۳“˹”“˻Э”“ʵ”¼¸ǣƣȴȱٶ“δ”Ρȫλ˼δĽǸ߼ɵĽṹǿ˻ϵ㷨ϵͳݵIJٿؽ棬ҪӦ⣺δĻ״δشı䣬ЩΪδ˼ܡ

 

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ǵȻ컷ı̡ȥ˿ڵļͶԴĴģʹ̬ı仯𲽽ӽؼԵٽ㣬ٽ֮ĵ̬ѸٵءؽһֲΪ֪״̬[2]ʱϺͿռ϶϶˷ķȻ̬ش仯ıɽһǣ䱳DZž޴ġδӵĵ߸ʷ״γɵһ̵ָı仯Ե򻷾ɵIJݺӵı仯õѧҺȻѧ Ѵӳ11000ȫHoloceneAnthropoceneһµĵʱȻڵѧ绹飬һ۵ӰѾȻѧɢ˶ۡ

಻ٽռݵϵһСرعƵ2050꣬ȫ˿ڽӽ100ڣͬ ʱ70%˿ڽסڳ[3]ϴ󲿷ֱ涼лũҵǡĽũҵ翪ɡ衢ްӵȼӾ˵ʴͷ绯ƵȻֺԽԽ͵ӲƷĸƵʷ Դɺ˫ظɡCO₂ȹҵʱǰ35%ǵһǧֵԤ21ͽʱȫƽ¶Ƚڸ1.16.4棬еκʱ򶼸ߡȫůһϵеӦ纣ƽˮᣬԼ½صĴΧ̬ϵͳֵļȺı仯ٶȿ1ǰʱᲢ[4]ͼ1ܽĻ仯ݡֱ仯δǵԤͻ¼ΧȾȡݣȫԵĻ⻹ڷչϵ߼ҵͽʽЩ仯ζ21ĩʱƽٵȷ⡢սͻµȻҪһµĽΪȻ˵нϵ

 

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ǿӰ̬ȻĸӰԴͷָ200ǰʼʱ幤ҵ޽ƵȻҵĽ̽ٲչ˶ȻԴȡȡʵһֱ沢ĽͿѧķչ˲Ƿʹü壬ҲǶڹߣʹüĹУҲڲϵظıǿˣ˲Ӧһյġġ壬ӦǿŵģܲϱعġعԴḶ́Ҳ“”ѧ · £Ian Hodder“”Ļ˵ı[5]ͬʱҲܽ෢չķ뼼ġĻ뻥[6]˵ļԱʲζҪȻԴвϵȡͬʱҲζ˽ϵͨǿ͸

ߺӱϿƶ֮⣬ȻӳԶӽܿǶ˵ܵĸıչʯΪ֪ŷĹߣʹõĹѵǵԲá200ǰʯǸʱڵijŲɺӵϹϵ[7]ѧҰ·³-André Leroi-Gourhanܽ“ǹ߷ˣ˷˹ߣڷҷ”[8]ع岻ԶʱڵĹߴ߻˵ȻڽִеĿƼǿ塣һ׼2060“” CyborgһӢ“”cybernetics organismϳɵʵ롣ܼ򵥵ؿл϶ɵĻ۵ĴԴǿֲĴ̼ܹ񾭵ķѭ[9]ĸﲻ༼ԱʵĽһͱ
ϢĽָչʹӿƻõӰ߽ǵճһڷ\ǿķչ˹𲽲̼Ȼϸ һڻӸԴıŻĿԣĿ˥ϡԡǿȡͺԶ򽫱Щչ϶ǿˣ“”岻ڽ̣üǿḶ́Ҳ“”“”Ļ༼Աʵ֣񻯵ĹҲ෢չıȻ̽չټδѧ · ΤRay Kurzweilʱ̵Ԥ2045ı߽罫Ա[10]

 

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һǿ壬һʧͻȻƼ˫н˫Ӱ졣“δѨ”һζԿƼֻɵģ̬ȵ˼ʵ顣ĴǻڶаʽʡͶԸ߿ƼչܴĸӰķ˼Ǵԭʼ滷ѰУΧ“ ”һԭĹܣΪδ೩һԭʼȴδĽͼ2δѨһµĿܣһֻعȻȴǿȻ״̬δŲȷԣȼɺƶ񤡣ֹʹůͨյϵͳԴ̼ŷŵĶѭԶѨ˶ѨȻӻͶůԼԺ¡ʪ˾΢δѨǺԴʱĽ˾ӻеܺĵƣһܸЧؾ͵زɼÿԴάϵҽ졣ʱԤĻṩһֱӻʽ뻷н飬ӻֵܳļ򣬿ʧµĺ˷䣬ֵܳȺ壬ΪĽ׼

Ѩ̬ɽ˶ѨγȻԭʼǴʽ壬һִӽȻĶģ£˳ӦȻת䡣ҲζŽƼȻƣȻͨɣȻ̬ȦȦ޷ȷָ״̬IJǿ߶ȵһķεĿռ޷߶Ȼѷ仯˵󡣶ߵĿռΪ״̬ǿͬṩռ䡣δѨӵĽϲ̵ĺһɲģǶ̬ġǻ۵ġеĸӦͱ㷨ܹռӦΧ“”ݣӦ̬ģӦıӻռ䡣ˣҲһ“ʽ”Ļ壺ϸҸ¡޸񳬼ŶάϢ

 

ͼ2“δѨ”Ȼ̬

 

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滷رǶδ˼ڽвѧʦͿ˹ · գBuckminster Fuller¡롣ԼΪ“ƿѧ”ͨϵͳѧƷС޻޵ķʽdymaxion滷⡣븻ͬоȤȴȸ϶µӽǸӹע΢۸ܵۼҸ׵ · ˹գFrederick Kiesler佨Ʒdz٣˹ڵӰ첢Ȼ2030“壨correalism”ȴԵºδ̵IJο塣“”һֽ塢ȻͼۺΪһġɵڵġĽ˼[11]˹׷Ǵӿռ䵽ṹٵ뽨ȻĸӶ˹չע˵;ǿԣǽǶʽͱƤĹעδϻʽۣҪά˵״̬;ϵۡеĽӦþΪ˲ľܣǾķΪṩһָij

˹յĹǰհԵظʱƼԼδ򽫷ĽȻϵδٽdzܣһʵڵϵִ˼ʢУ豻Ķʱ˹Ϊ˼ѵáΪ˼Ҳ“ԭ”ᳫع“˱”һıԭıϡ“ԭ”ǿ˽˵˲һɲģδ岻Ǵ · µ“ά³”ǿ²Ү“ģ”һֳյġʷĺͳ״̬ڡδһάʱҲһȶˣȻҲdzʶеȻΪнϵҪ“”עμϵͳ֮С

 

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ƼĽͬʱҲȻ̬޸ĴˡȻDZŵĵ߸Ա仯ڽбԣ˵ĿſԺͲϸıǿһ̳ڽ类©“δѨ”δᄈ˼ģṩһη˼ˡƼͻ֮ϵĴ˱ԭж˱ĹעͬʱҲӦ˷ѧ˼ܡƷĶѧƽĹ˼̼ɹֵĶά̬ĽӦ˷˼룬ϣƴͳ˼άнΪһ̵Ĺľޡ

 

 

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 Ŀǰĵʱļеȫļ260ǰʼΪȫȫʼ11 000ǰһڵĽȳĵʱȣȫƺŸտʼһȫеĵѧ¼Ԫ

 

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[1] URRY J. What is the Future[M]. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2016.

[2] ANTHONY D, BARNOSKY, ELIZABETH A, et al. Approaching a state shift in Earth's biosphere[J]. Nature, 2012, 486(7): 52.

[3] ࣮̬ϵͳ ֳ֧пɳԺ͵ԵIJ [J]ѧ20164210-21

[4] STEFFEN W, CRUTZEN P J, MCNEILL J RཫѹȻ[J]AMBIO-໷־2007368578-584674.

[5] HODDER I. Entangled: An archaeology of the relationships between humans and things[M]. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

[6] HODDER I. Where are we heading? The evolution of humans and things[M]. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2018.

[7] ־ΰִϵ[M]Ϻ ѧ磬2011

[8] LEROI-GOURHAM A. Gesture and speech[M]. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1993.

[9] ˹ռˣӾʯʱ˹ܵδ[M] ų磬2017

[10] ΤٽܳԽ[M]ϣ񻪣Դ룮 еҵ磬2011

[11] PHILLIPS S J. Elastic architecture, frederick kiesler and design research in the first age of robotic culture[M]. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 2017.

 

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ķڡ

20201 No.001 

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